Research indicates substantial variability between males in the ways in which symptoms of depression are expressed. Accordingly, many researchers and clinicians have begun to question the adequacy of detecting depression in males by the sole utilisation of current standardised outcome measures such as the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS).
In addressing this, the Gotland Male Depression Scale (GMDS; Zierau, Billie, Rutz & Bech, 2002) was developed by psychiatrists in Sweden as a screening tool for a range of distress behaviours theorised to reflect a masculine appropriate manifestation of depression. This study reports the psychometric validity of the GMDS in an Australian community sample of 692 participants and a comparison of clinical utility with the DASS depression scale.
Recorded at: The Annual Australian College of Psychological Medicine conference
Ballarat, Australia; 5-7 June 2009