Free will still operates to a certain extent in dependence on alcohol or other drugs. Frankl's work emphasised a will to find meaning and purpose in life, and a specifically human dimension, characterised by self-detachment and self-transcendence. Self-transcendence refers to the process of relating to something or someone other than oneself. However, 'the essence of intoxication is the turning away from the objective world of being towards subjective experience'. (Frankl 1967) Several landmark studies have found improvement quite unrelated to any formal treatment in the resolution of drinking problems. (Vaillant 1983) (Edwards et al.1987) (Brady 1993) Often the reasons for change are examples of self-transcendence: concern for loved ones, religious involvement and prayer, or commitment to work, sport or other causes.
WORLD DREAMING: WORLD CONGRESS FOR PSYCHOTHERAPY
24-28 August 2011 Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre
Darling Harbour, Australia.
Visit The World Council for Psychotherapy at http://www.worldpsyche.org